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General rules and particular support deafblind
General rules and particular support deaf-blind
GENERAL RULES

In order to create comfortable accompaniment to deaf-blind it’s necessary to follow some general recommendations:

IT’S NECESSARY ,
to introduce yourself, slightly touching the hand of deaf-blind person by your hand, tell you name, patronymic name and, if necessary, surname, position or social status (social worker, rehabilitation specialist, volunteer).
VISUALLY DETERMINE IF THE DEAF-BLIND HAS RESIDUAL VISION AND HEARING
DETERMINE WHAT WAYS OF COMMUNICATION DEAF-BLIND PERSON USES
FOLLOW COMMUNICATION PACE ,
that allows deaf-blind person to perceive information adequately
FIND OUT HOW IT IS MORE CONVENIENT
(HABITUAL) FOR THE DEAF-BLIND TO WALK WITH AN ASSISTANT
INVITE HIM\HER TO GO WITH YOU,
softly taking his\her left hand and putting it under your right arm bent in elbow (so that his\her hand freely lies on your arm below the bend of elbow)
BE CAREFUL AND ATTENTIVE
NEVER GRAB DEAF-BLIND PERSON SUDDENLY
By hand or shoulder, you can scare him\her and create conflict situation
IN CASE OF EMMERGENCY STOP,
and if possible shortly describe your supervisee what’s going on
REQUIREMENTS FOR ASSISTANT

Professional competence
Knowledge and skills in deaf-blind people rehabilitation, taking into account their psychological constitution.

Informational competence
Knowledge and skills in finding information, its structuring, adapting to the peculiarities of rehabilitation process, skills of working with various informational resources.

Communicative competence
Emotional resistance, knowledge of the means and methods of communication with deaf-blind, ability to provide a feedforward and feedback, knowledge of technologies of interaction between people, delicacy, ability to listen and to “hear” deaf-blind problems, get oriented in changes, which occur in the process of interaction with them and allow to understand better psychological aspects and improve quality of accompaniment.

Legal competence
Knowledge and use of the main legal documents that allow getting oriented in the deaf-blind rehabilitation process from the perspective of law. Solving deaf-blind people problems of different complexity when accompanying them basing on the current knowledge.

Personal qualities
Psychological stability, tranquility, kindness, patience, literal perception, attentiveness, responsibility, desire to render assistance to deaf-blind people.

HOW TO ACCOMPANY DEAF-BLIND PEOPLE WITHOUT RESIDUAL VISION

Methods of accompaniment if a deaf-blind doesn’t have residual vision or is practically blind and with any deficit of hearing are totally based on tactile and contact forms of cooperation and communication without use of voice at all.

NEVER TOUCH THE CANE OF DEAF-BLIND,
don’t pull it after yourself, it’s not convenient for deaf-blind person and is perceived by him\her as neglect from your side
DON’T TRY TO WALK FAST,
so that deaf-blind person feels comfortable to walk beside you and examine your movements without losing contact with you
DIFFERENT INFORMATION (ABOUT OBSTACLES ETC.)
is better to pass to the deaf-blind into his\her hand or by elbow movements
IF YOU NEED TO LEAVE AWAY
from the deaf-blind person for a while, tell him\her about it, suggesting to wait for you in a safe place
HOW TO ACCOMPANY PEOPLE WITH RESIDUAL VISION OR HEARING

Methods of accompaniment of deaf-blind people with residual vision or hearing are based on visual, tactile and contact forms of cooperation with an opportunity to use oral speech.

TRY TO WALK HALF-STEP AHEAD
of deaf-blind person. Deaf-blind person should hold the hand of his\her assistant (take him\her by the arm or hold above the elbow). Such position allows to react on movements of assistant on time, stop or slow down or speed up, prepare for stairs or pass through narrow space (for example, through a door) etc.
IN CASE OF OBSTACLES,
for example, stairs down or road crossing, it’s necessary to stop. Put deaf-blind’s hand on your hand and give a signal by waving your hand up (if you climb the stairs) or down (if you go down the stairs). When you reach the end of the stair, stop (you can straighten the hand which holds deaf-blind person) so that deaf-blind understands that stairs is over. You can accompany your actions with voice. If the stairs has railings, put deaf-blind’s hand on them while going up or down the stairs, he\she will be able to walk down or up by himself\herself and orient when the stairs is over.
ASSISTANT SHOULD FAMILIARIZE DEAF-BLIND PERSON
with a place they visit. It’s necessary to pay attention to some orientation marks. For example, to changes in wall or floor texture. Deaf-blind person studying unknown space uses one hand as a leading and the second one to hold his\her assistant.
WALKING WITH AN ASSISTANT
deaf-blind should use a cane as additional mean of orientation

© Deaf-blind support foundation "Con-nection"
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Политики БФ "Фонд поддержки слепоглухих" в области обработки и обеспечения безопасности персональных данных
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